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Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Faisalabad Sialkot

3 weeks ago   Services   Faisalabad   49 views
Location: Faisalabad
Price: ₨25,000

Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Faisalabad Sialkot, Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Rawalpindi Pakistan, International College Of Technical Education Offered Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Rawalpindi Pakistan , Best Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Rawalpindi Pakistan , Professional Civil Surveyor Diploma Course in Rawalpindi Pakistan , Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish land maps and boundaries for ownership, locations like building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales. Surveyors work with elements of geometry, trigonometry, regression analysis, physics, engineering, metrology, programming languages and the law. They use equipment like total stations, robotic total stations, GPS receivers, retro reflectors, 3D scanners, radios, handheld tablets, digital levels, drones, GIS and surveying software. Surveying has been an element in the development of the human environment since the beginning of recorded history. The planning and execution of most forms of construction require it. It is also used in transport, communications, mapping, and the definition of legal boundaries for land ownership. It is an important tool for research in many other scientific disciplines.The main surveying instruments in use around the world are the theodolite, measuring tape, total station, 3D scanners, GPS/GNSS, level and rod. Most instruments screw onto a tripod when in use. Tape measures are often used for measurement of smaller distances. 3D scanners and various forms of aerial imagery are also used.Historically, horizontal angles were measured by using a compass to provide a magnetic bearing or azimuth. Later, more precise scribed discs improved angular resolution. Mounting telescopes with reticles atop the disc allowed more precise sighting (see theodolite). Levels and calibrated circles allowed measurement of vertical angles. Verniers allowed measurement to a fraction of a degree, such as with a turn-of-the-century transit. The plane table provided a graphical method of recording and measuring angles, which reduced the amount of mathematics required. In 1829 Francis Ronalds invented a reflecting instrument for recording angles graphically by modifying the octant. By observing the bearing from every vertex in a figure, a surveyor can measure around the figure. The final observation will be between the two points first observed, except with a 180° difference. This is called a close. If the first and last bearings are different, this shows the error in the survey, called the angular misclose. The surveyor can use this information to prove that the work meets the expected standards.

Civil, Land Surveyor Course Content:

Introduction Civil Surveyor

Classification of survey

Civil Serveyor

Principles of survey

Chain survey

Plotting of chain survey

Compass survey

Bearing system

Drawing Scales

Types of scales

Leveling

Technical terms

Purpose of Leveling

Plain table survey

Methods of plane table survey

Adjustment of Levels

Total Station Practical Training

Auto Level / Theodolite Training

GPS Practical Training


 
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